was created on 14 Jan 1792. The early settlers who had come over the mountains
were roamers. They wanted to see what was beyond. They also thought that
they could better themselves by securing and owning more land and having
land for their large families. Each generation after the first European
settlement of North America had pushed farther westward. At the eve of
the (American) Revolution there was a settlement at the foot of the Blue
Ridge at Old Fort. A trickle of settlers had moved into present Buncombe
retaliated. They considered the land theirs. To stop this retaliation,
the Cherokee Nation was invaded by General rutherford with focus from the
piedmont of the Carolinas. Many of the soldiers in this invasion saw what
they considered the promised land. As soon as the guns of the Revolution
were silenced, these farmer-soldiers quickly settled Buncombe County east
of the French Broad.
. ...There were
many Native Americans in the area. Some of this section was used as their
hunting grounds. And there had been some permanent villages where the Indians
had built houses and were farmers.
made...treaties were broken. Soon all of what is present Haywood County
was ceded to the United States.
One document in
the North Carolina State Archives in Raleigh, NC, reveals the condition
of events on the frontier at that time.
is a true statement of services performed by the spies on the frontier
of Buncombe County from and after the 27th day of June 1795. Most of the
people named appear to have lived in the western part of Buncombe County.
Some of this area is in present Haywood County. The document here is edited,
showing only the name of the person, and the number of days in service.
They all entered service on 27 Jun 1795.
- 26 days
- 25 days
- 24 days
- 19 days
- 19 days 18-John Davidson - 19 days
- 19 days.
The report was
then sworn to: State of North Carolina, Buncombe County. The foregoing
persons (excepting Austin Chote, Joseph McPeeters, John Davidson, James
Rutherford, John Bradley, and David McPeeters) personally appeared before
me and made oath in due form of law that they were in active on the frontiers
the number of days charged opposite their respective names. Sworn to the
27th of July 1795 before William Davidson, JP.
Attached to the
list and sworn affidavit, was a sworn affidavit of D. Vance, Lt. Col.
State of No. Carolina,
Buncombe County. I hereby certify that on the 27th of June (1795) that
I engaged the forementioned [sic] spies and placed them out on the frontiers
with orders to watch the motions of the Indians and give the necessary
information-- I have good reason to believe, were faithful to the discharge
of their duty and attended the number of days charged in their payroll.
Austin Close, Joseph McPeeters, John Davidson, James Rutherford, John Bradley,
and david [sic] McPeeters were not present at the time the others were
qualified and neglected proving their attendance, but I believe and know
that some of them were attentive to their duty. Given under my hand Novr.
D Vance, Lt. Col.
p. 6 The Enterprise
6 Dec 1993