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1790 Burke & Rutherford County Census Records With Qualifying Ancestors

Please remember that spellings are as they appeared in the original census.  They were written as the census taker heard them, as there was no standardized spelling in 1790, and often as not, the person himself did not read or write and had no idea of the “correct” spelling of his name.  If you had (or think you might have had) an ancestor in these areas in 1790, look for any possible spelling of the name in the lists below. 

 

A 1790 Census for Buncombe County, NC Kenneth D. Israel. Ph.D 
Even though Buncombe County was not created until 1791, one is able to determine that there were people in the area who were enumerated in the 1790 Census.  Most families who were listed in the following four census companies, two of which were in Rutherford County and two of which were in Burke County were among the first families of Buncombe County.  Two companies, the Thirteenth and Fourteenth, which were enumerated in what was then Rutherford County, NC, became a part of Buncombe County when it was created in 1791.  The thirteenth Company of Rutherford County generally included the present day eastern half of Henderson County.  It included Cane Creek, Sweeten Creek, Hooper’s Creek, Mud Creek, Clear Creek, Wolfpen Creek, Green River, Hickorynut Creek and the residents who lived south of the Swanannoa River. Note: Justices of the first court of 1792 are shown in boldface-italic type.

THIRTEENTH COMPANY, RUTHERFORD COUNTY, NC

HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD MALE 16+ MALE 16- FEMALE SLAVE
Martin Gash 3 1
Sam. Randolph 1 1 5
Sam. Randolph, Jr. 1 1
Danl. Smith 1 3 3
Wm. Foster 2 1 6 3
Abigail Chambers 2 1 4
Ben Hawkins 1 2
Oldham Hitown 3 2 2
Kinchin Holcomb 1 1 1
Wm. Davidson 4 4 4 1
Austin Hitown 1 4 4
Randolph Fugit 2 4 5
Jas. Medlock 2 2 5
Wm. Barren 1 1 5
Mourning Ingrum 1 1
Sandefer Kizzia 2 2 2
Jno. Kizzia 1 1 1
Tho.’ Auditon 2 1 5
Jno. Bradley 1
Wm. Hill 1 1 1
Pd. Hill 1 2 2
Elijah Lee 1 2
Edwd. Williams 1 6 3
Thos. Hargett 1 3
Jno. Ashworth 1 1 5 3
Jas. Bridget 1 3
Matthias Selser 1 4 2
Jas. Wood, Senr. 3 3 3
Jno. Wood 1 2
Jas. Wood, Jr. 1 2
Laurence Miller 1 2 2
Nancy Nanney 1 1 2
Jess. Hinson 1 1 3
Wm. Wason 2 3 3
Jno. Hinson 1 1 3
David Duncan 1 1 1
Jno. Gibson 1 1
Jno. Parks 5 1 2
Adm. Cooper 1
Jno. Wallace 3 3
Ben Yardly 3 3 6
Edwd. Johnson 1 2 2
Jno. Thomas 1 5 2
Wm. Fletcher 3 4 2 1
Eliajh Winson 1 1 4 1
Harmon Reed 1 1 2
Mark Roberts 1 1 5
Tho.’ Cody 4 2
Basdel Edminson 1 2 2
Godfry Cody 4 2
Jas. Johnson, Jr. 1 7
James Johnson 1 1
Jas. Warren 1 3 4
Jas. Green 1 1 2
Robt. Haslip 1 1 3
Andw. Lyda 1 6 2
Tho.’ Case 1 1 1
Jas. Stepp 2 4 3
Wm. Shelton 1 2
George Shelton 1 1 2
Jno. Gray 1

The Fourteenth Company of Rutherford County was in the western half of present day Henderson County and present day Transylvania County.  It included the Upper French Broad, Davidson’s River and Little River.  The exact boundaries between the Thirteenth and Fourteenth Companies has not been determined by this writer.

 

FOURTEENTH COMPANY, RUTHERFORD COUNTY, NC

HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD MALE 16+ MALE 16- FEMALE SLAVE
Abram Reed 1 2 2
Jas. Stringfield 4 1 2
Jas. Brittain 1 2 4
Jas. Boidstone 3 1
Simon Kikendal 1 1 1
Jas. Medcalf 2 1
Norris Medcalf 1 1 2
Andw. Miller 1 1 4 1
Jno. Stringfield 2 1 1
Sam Boidstone 1 2 1
Jas. Boidstone, Jr. 1 2 3
Tho.’ Arnold 1 4 1
Jeremiah Osborn 2 1 1
Jno. Claypole 1 1 3
Jno. Osborn 1 1 1
Jno. Box 1 2 4
Jonathan Osborn 1 1 3
Stephen Claypole 1 1 1
Michl Newport 3 2
Tho.’ Woodpin 1 2 2
Jno. Wood 1 1 2
Nicholas Woodpin 2 1 6
Henry Wood 1 2
Jno. Newport 1 1
Thom Abbs 1 4
Jacob Gardner 2 1 3
Jas. Gray 1 3
Moses Ashbrooks 3 3 7
George Parks 2 2 5
Robt. Sweiton 1 1
Jno. Sweiton 1 1 4
Edwd. Sweiton 3 2 4
Aron Gage 1 2 2
Jno. Burlison 1 1 2
Abram Meda 2 2 5
Moses Craford 1 2
Jas. Craford 1 2
Isaac Craford 1 1
Thom. Craford 3 1 3
James James 5 2 2
Thos. Graham 1 1
Wm. Durham 2 2
Sam Weaver 3 1 2
George Reid 1 2 4
Wm. English 2 5 4
Jno. Steward 1 2 5
Sam Allen 1 6
Sam Denton 1 2
Ben Odel 2 1
Jno. Odel 1 1
Tho.’ May 2 2 3
Joshua English 1 4 2
Jno. Lamb 1 1 2
Spencer Graham 1 1 2
Jas. English 2 2 1
Jonas Denton 2 1 2
Abram Shateen 1 1 2
Edwd. Shateen 1 3
Edwd. Shipman 3 5 4
Jacob Susco 1 2 2
Jno. Susco 3 4
Jas. Davidson 1 3 2
Jos. English 2 1 5
Booze Still 1 2
Stephn Jones 1 4 4
Jas. Robinson 1 2 3
Jos. Vane 2 1 5 1
Obadiah Roberts 1 2 2
Wm. Hix 1 2 3
Jonathan Cooral 1 1 3

 

The residents in the Eleventh and Twelfth Companies of Burke County lived in what is present day Yancey (western part), Madison, and northern Buncombe Counties (north of the Swannanoa River.)  This would have included Jack’s Creek, Reem’s Creek, Beaverdam, Cane(y) River, Turkey Creek and Newfound Creek, to name a few.

 

ELEVENTH COMPANY, BURKE COUNTY, NC

HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD MALE 16+ MALE 16- FEMALE SLAVES
David Vance 2 1 5 3
Wm. Deever 6 4
Jo. Smith 2 6
Nat. Smith 1 1 1
Jacob Smith 1 1 2
Adam Dunsmore 2 2 2
Jno Gilbert 3 2 3
Henry Heatly 2 1 6
Sam Unfrin 3 1 6
David Rogers 1 4 3
Jas  Cunnigan 1 6 1
Nathan Bartlet 2 2 3
Jno  Bartlet 1 3
Wm. McAfee 2 2 5
Wm. Young 1 1 2
Matthew Patton 1 3
Jno Moore 1 3
Jonson Summers 2 1
James Davidson 2 6 3
Saml Davidson 1 1
Ben McWhorter 2 1 1
Robt. Patten, Sad 1 2 5 2
Wm. Long 1 2 1
Thos. Patten 3 1 3
Hump. Cunigam 1 3
Jas. Patten 1 5
Jas. Clemments 1 1 3
Jno Alexander 3 4
James Alexander 1 3 2
Matthew Patten, Sr. 3 2 1
Aron Patten 1 3
Matt. Patten, Jr. 1 1
Wm. Davidson 4 2 4 8
James McMahan 3 1 2
Jno Smith 1 1 1
Thos. Davidson 2 2
James Richey 1 2 4 1
James McNabb 1 4 2 3
Wm. Jones 2 1 3
Joseph Rice 1 3
George Cunigam 2 4 3
Ben Gudger 2 1
Arche Neall 2 4
Sam Forgay 1 2 4 4
Wm. Kow 1 2
Jno Patten 1 1 4 3
Gabrl Ragsdil 1 2 1 3
Eloner Lee 5
Jno West 1 1 3
Wm. Gudger 1 2 6 1
Jos. Randolph 1 1 4
Ezra Phillips 1 1 2
Wm. Whitson 1 5 2 2
Phil. Smith 1 1 2
Danl. Killian 1 2 1
Jno Phillips 1 2 1
James Boys 1 1 4 1
Wm. Ryant 1 5 3
Abram Case 2 4 5
Jno Davis 1 6
Jno Bufle 1 1 2
Wm. Ingram 1 1 6
Thos. Jenkins 2 4
Jno Jenkins 1 2
George Ramsey 1 3 4
Baxter Davis 3 6 1
Jnothn. Blevins 1 1 3
James Cravens 2 3 2
Jno  Gillahan 1 1 3
Jones Gouge 2 2 4
Connell Kennedy 1 1 1
Adam Bufle 1 1 1
Jno Roberts 1 2 3
Jno Weaver 1 1 3 1
Jacob Wagoner 1 5 2
Wm. Roberts 2 4
Jno Round 1 3 2
Wm. Brittain 1 2 2
Jno Dillard 1 3 5
Wm. Gregory 3 4 3
Wm. Baily 1 3
Jake Guin 1 1 2
Jas. Stanfield 1 2 6
Charles Guin 1 1 3
Jno Chambers 2 2 2
Jno Gregory 1 1

TWELFTH COMPANY, BURKE COUNTY, NC

HEAD OF HOUSEHOLD MALE 16+ MALE 16- FEMALE SLAVE
Edmund Parmer 1 3 4
Chas. Edes 2 1 3
Jno Ramsey 1 1
Wm. Bailey 2 1
Jno Bradley 1 1 3
Jno Killer 1 2 5
Aron Treadaway 2 2 5
Henry Atkison 1 3 4
Jos. Bounds 1 3 1
Nicolas Keller 1 1 3
Tim Barnett 3 3 3
Wm. Treadaway 1 1 4
Robt. Treadaway 1 1 3
Wm. Finley 1 1 1
Jno Tony 3 3 3
Jno Lekins 1 1
Christi Shoat 1 1 1
Moses Shoat 1 2 1
Henry Davis 2 5 3
Christi Shoat, Jr. 1 1
Jacob Pyburn 3 1 5
James Pialms 1 4 6
Jno Tinker 2 5 5
Jos. Forsythe 1 1
Josha Chanler 1 2 2
Jno Blacwell 1 1 3
Mendoth Webb 3 4 5 5
Martha Win 4
Jas. Bound 1 2
Austin Shoat 1 6 2
Wm. Rice 1 3 2
Gabriel Elkins 2 1 2 2
Wm. Pialms 1 4 3 1
Edmund Pialms 1 4 3 1
Jno Street 1 2 2
Koland Higins 1 3
Elijah Bunis 1 2 4
Henry Hensly 1 5 5
Jno Renfren 1 2 8
Jno Hensly 1 3
James Langford 1 1 2
Wm. Edward 1 2
David Hinton 1 1 2
Jno Stanton 1 3 4
Isaac Angling 2 3 5
Phil. Hoodenpye 2 3 5
Chris Caleway 1 3 2
Allen Summers 1 2 1
Hana Phips 2
Wm. Hinton 1 1 2 4
Julius Robeson 1 4 4
Abner Marcum 1 5 4
Phil Williams 1 3 3
Obadiah Hamons 1 3
Robt. Baker, Jr. 2 2
James Hensly 1 2 4
Thos. Ray 3 3 2
Jno Carrol 1 2 4
Peter Hamons 1 3 2
James Bennett 2 1 3
Hirman Hensly 1 4 3
George Baker 1 3 4
Jno Edwards 1 4 6
Jas. Arrington 1 1 5
Jno Baker 1 5 3
Mark Foster 1 3 5
Mark Foster, Jr. 2 1 4
Jno Hughes 1 4 1
Jane Paterson 1 2
Peter Hughes 1 2 2
Lettice Dyer 1 2
Austin Haeworth 1 3 4 1

 

 

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